Basic Human Needs - An Interdisciplinary and International View

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Gerhard Schaefer - Basic Human Needs - An Interdisciplinary and International View.
The sociological and psychological needs debates of the previous decades raised many questions about "need/desire/wish" on one side and "basic/elementary/peripheral/human"... Lire la suite
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Résumé

The sociological and psychological needs debates of the previous decades raised many questions about "need/desire/wish" on one side and "basic/elementary/peripheral/human" or "primary/secondary/tertiary" on the other. Many of these questions have not been satisfactorily answered so far, and one reason, among others, apparently is the lacking interdisciplinarity and internationality of the debates, in particular the frequent absence of biology, the "science of life", in the discourse.
This book tries to fill the gap. Leading biologists and biology educators reflect their ideas on the requirements of homo sapiens, his general "life needs" and his specific "human needs", confronting them to philosophical, psychological and anthropological articles in the same book. An international comparative study of human desires in different countries, carried out by the Commission for Biological Education of IUBS (International Union of Biological Sciences), revealed an immense variance of desires according to economic state and cultural background of the populations under study.
Beneath this variance, however, global features of basic human needs are visible which, in the light of the preceding theoretical considerations, give a strong impetus for a general "needs education" worldwide the aim of which can be increased autonomy of the citizen towards his/her own desires.

Caractéristiques

  • Date de parution
    01/12/1992
  • Editeur
  • ISBN
    3-631-45723-5
  • EAN
    9783631457238
  • Nb. de pages
    243 pages

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À propos de l'auteur

Biographie de Gerhard Schaefer

The Editor : Gerhard Schaefer edited this book on behalf of the International Commission for Biological Education (CBE) of IUBS whose Chairman he was from 1984 till 1992 and whose project on Human Needs he convened. He was born in 1928 in Hemer/Germany, studied Physics, Mathematics and Biology, and promoted in 1954 at the university of Marburg/West-Germany in biology and psychology with a Ph.D. He taught in secondary schools over 10 years, was 12 years director of the biology department of IPN (Institute for Science Education) at the university of Kiel/West-Germany, and was appointed in 1981 as permanent professor for biology education at the University of Hamburg.

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